stood for. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization composed of independent city-states located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel.The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads in honor of their god of the sea, Yamm, the brother of Mot, the god of death. Considered the first true alphabet, it was later appropriated by the Latins (later to become the Romans) who combined it with notable Etruscan characters including the letters “F” and “S”. See pages 678–679 for other primary source readings to accompany Unit 3. The history of Phoenician civilization dates between 1200 and 500 BC. Nevertheless, the source alphabet and the Greek alphabet work differently as the Greek alphabet had specific signs for vowels that Phoenicians did not. With the capital cities of Byblos and Tyre, it was located in the Fertile Crescent and today would be a part of Lebanon, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Gaza Strip and Syria. The streets of Phoenician cities were … The first fully phonemic script, the Proto-Canaanite script, later known as the Phoenician alphabet, is considered to be the first alphabet, and is the ancestor of most modern alphabets, including Arabic, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, and possibly Brahmic. 1000 BCE. Since land wasn't plentiful around that area, the sea was a primary source of food. Learning the Greek alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The Phoenicians are credited with spreading the Phoenician alphabet throughout the Mediterranean world. Phoenician Background. As time went on the sound and the form of the letters were changed. On May 12, 2019 - Phoenician Alphabet - NumisWiki, The Collaborative Numismatics Project More information Latin Alphabet • Adopted by Greece • Originally did not include V, W and J • Took out the zeta wand replaced it with G • Needed to add the letters Y and Z so that they could pronounce all their words Phoenician Alphabet a writing system used by the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, as well as the ancient Hebrews and Moabites. Teach your students what the Phoenician alphabet is and how it impacted the world with this lesson plan. The Roman alphabet (since -600), also called the Latin alphabet, was the set of letters the Romans used to write Latin. The English word alphabet came into Middle English from the Late Latin word alphabetum, which in turn originated in the Greek ἀλφάβητος (alphabētos), from alpha and beta, the first two letters of the Greek alphabet. The Cyrillic alphabet first has been used for descriptions of their languages, and later, in the period 2008-2010, materials for learning these languages were published. Alpha and beta in turn came from the first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet, and originally meant ox and house respectively. Back to Index. Also appeared in English alphabet thanks to Romans, who adopted it from Phoenician letter Resh. But the title of one presentation was the source of particular interest and excitement: "The World's Oldest Alphabet - Hebrew Texts of the 19th Century BC." These were the people who were given the utmost importance in the society. The uppermost class in the ancient Phoenician hierarchy was the social class which comprised of the most elite people of the society and included government officials, land owners and priests. Not a completely new “invention,” the Greek alphabet is undoubtedly from a script that the Semitic peoples of Levantine coast used. fact, the word alphabet comes directly from the first two letters of the Phoenician alphabet: aleph and beth. When the Torah moved from Oral Tradition to written tradition it was most likely written in a form of the Phoenician Alphabet where their Yod was a representation of their gods and was a picture of an arm or closed hand and represented worship of this pagan god. The Greeks built on the Phoenician alphabet by adding vowels sometime around 750 BC. Read “Machu Picchu is Discovered” from the World History Primary Source Document Library CD-ROM. Through the ages:… Ancient Civilizations Primary Source Documents with Questions Choice Board Differentiated Lesson Plan_SSWH1 Student Content Map . Book V, ''57-59. The use of Phoenician alphabet spread to Anatolia, North Africa, and Europe. The inscription in this primary source provides a brief glance at the Phoenician Alphabet. Early Proto-Canaanite used a set of about 20~30 pictograms that stood for the sound these depicted things (ox, house, door etc.) One of the newest Cyrillic alphabets is the Negidal – its alphabet was created in 2009, and in the next year, a manual for the primary … It consists of an inscription written by Phoenicians residing near the Eshmun Temple. Originally fashioned by ethnic Phoenician groups, the source alphabet is connected to the Ugaritic groups of writing systems … The Greeks, for example, adopted the Phoenician alphabet and changed the form of some of the letters. Phoenician cities were built on land in between the sea and mountains. The standard presentation of Phoenician being the first alphabet is curious, since scholars have long known of much older alphabetic inscriptions. Originally fashioned by ethnic Phoenician groups, the source alphabet is connected to the Ugaritic groups of writing systems that developed around the city of Ugarit (Powell 2009: 230). Phoenician inscriptions have been found in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, and Cyprus. As they traveled around the Mediterranean, the Phoenicians introduced this writing system to their trading partners. Yesterday, Apple unveiled the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, and iPhone X, which the company is pronouncing “iPhone Ten.” Ten years ago, Apple transformed the smartphone landscape—and our very lives, for better or worse—with its first very iPhone, hence the Roman numeral X, or 10, in its new mobile moniker. As a result of historical development and consecutive changes of alphabetic structure contemporary alphabets of West-European languages were generated, but however the primary source were Latin letters which in essence are derivative from symbols of ancient Phoenician writing. 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